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Download Introduction (2.2 MB)

Download Chapter 1: Four Colleges and Their Communities (818 KB)

Download Chapter 2: Rural Piety and Urban Wealth (880 KB)

Download Chapter 3: When Professors Had Servants (863 KB)

Download Chapter 4: What Knowledge Is of Most Worth? (616 KB)

Download Chapter 5: Students as Gentlemen (1.0 MB)

Download Chapter 6: Piety versus Prosperity in the Protestant College (1.1 MB)

Download Chapter 7: Presidential Power and Academic Autonomy (1.1 MB)

Download Chapter 8: Knowledge Fit for Protestant Gentlemen (420 KB)

Download Chapter 9: The Side Shows Have Swallowed Up the Circus (1009 KB)

Download Chapter 10: The Age of the College (974 KB)

Download Chapter 11: The College in the Social Order (433 KB)

Download Conclusion (410 KB)

Download Bibliography (881 KB)

Download Index (328 KB)


By W. Bruce Leslie, College at Brockport faculty member.

A new look at the social and cultural roles of the American college after the Civil War. Historians have dubbed the period from the Civil War to World War I 'the age of the university,' suggesting that colleges were becoming out of touch with American society. Bruce Leslie however challenges this view through case studies of four representative colleges from the Middle Atlantic region-Bucknell, Franklin and Marshall, Princeton, and Swarthmore. Nineteenth-century colleges generally were founded to serve ethnic, denominational, and local interests. After mid-century, however, many were forced to seek financial support from wealthy alumni and urban benefactors, leading to the gradual reorientation of these schools toward an emerging national urban Protestant culture. Colleges therefore found it essential to respond to new currents in American society and higher education. Leslie develops his argument from a close study of faculties, curricula, financial constituencies, student bodies, and campus life.



Publication Date


Publication Information

University Park, Pa. : Pennsylvania State University Press, c1992.

xx, 284 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm.


Higher Education | Intellectual History | United States History




Located in Drake Library at: LB2329.8.U6 L48 1992

The “Document” is a PDF file of the entire book, optimized to 150ppi to reduce the file size to about 9 Mbytes.

Gentlemen and Scholars : College and Community in the