The concept of Plate Tectonics involves piecing together a wide variety of evidence to build a picture. This includes the location of earthquakes, volcanoes, mountains, fossils, and other paleoclimate data. The theory of Plate Tectonics is driven by information that is attached to a location. Even further, the theory is driven by looking and analyzing all these pieces of information together.
Ruder, Nate, "Plate Tectonics with GIS" (2006). Lesson Plans. 88.