Date of Award

Fall 12-10-2012

Degree Type


Degree Name

Master of Science in Education (MSEd)


Education and Human Development

First Advisor

Kathy Hoppe


The new Common Core Standards for New York State and the Framework for K-12 Science Education Standards have a main focus on implementing argumentative writing into each content area. Some form of argumentative writing has always been used in the science curriculum through the creation of a lab report. However, an argumentative lab report must contain a counterclaim and specific sources of evidence to be considered a real argument.

An argument does not have to be as formal as a lab report. Arguments can be as informal as a journal article or a narrative story. As long as the main parts of the argument are present, which include the claim, warrant, evidence and counterclaim, any sample of writing can be turned into an argument.

In science, the three most important types of writing to enhance scientific literacy are lab reports, journaling and narratives. All three of these examples can be turned into argumentative writing to enhance a students’ understanding of the content and the writing process.