Date of Award


Degree Type


Degree Name

Master of Science in Education (MSEd)


Education and Human Development


This research attempted to answer the question, do graphic organizers used as a supplement to science textbooks increase student retention of scientific facts in fourth grade? The researcher collected data from 56 fourth grade students in an urban school to find out whether the use of graphic organizers after reading sections of the science textbook improved retention of scientific facts in fourth graders. The researcher used baseline science test assessments, reading levels of students, tests and quizzes after the use of graphic organizers, along with teacher and students surveys and interviews in this study. These pieces of data were studied to find generalizations about student ability and retention after using the graphic organizers, student confidence and attitude when allowed to use graphic organizers, and perceptions of students and teachers about the usefulness of graphic organizers in the classroom .