In spite of the privileged position that Olympism arguably occupies within the Olympic Movement, its understanding and implementation have been a challenging task. This is due to a lack of specifi city, conceptual lacunas, and inconsistencies in the interpretation and elucidation of Olympism. One inconsistency pertains to the meaning and emphasis of results in Olympic contests. In this regard, the Olympic creed and the Olympic motto seem to send contradictory messages. This paper investigates the role that results should have in Olympic contests and, more broadly, in an enlightened sporting life. It argues that the most developed approach to the sporting and Olympic life is one in which the process of contesting and its ensuing results come together to form a meaningful unity.
Torres, Cesar R., "Results or Participation?: Reconsidering Olympism's Approach to Competition" (2006). Kinesiology, Sport Studies and Physical Education Faculty Publications. 16.
Torres, C.R. (2010). Results or Participation?: Reconsidering Olympism's Approach to Competition. Quest, 58(2), 242-254.