The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of water exercises and swimming on physical fitness of children with mental retardation. Nine trainable and 7 educable male children (n = 16) were recruited from a rehabilitation center. The mean ages of the groups were 12.22±0.49 and 14.71±0.52 years, respectively. Training program was applied for 10-week, two times a week for 40 minute each session. Pre- and post-tests measurements were taken for cardiovascular endurance, muscle endurance, speed, static balance, and agility. Results showed that both groups improved significantly (p<0.05) in all dependent variables. Water exercises and swimming appear to be a viable and effective way to improve physical fitness capacity of the children with mental retardation.
Yılmaz, İlker; Ergu, Nevin; Konukman, Ferman; Agbuğa, Bulent; Zorba, Erdal; and Cimen, Zafer, "The Effects of Water Exercises and Swimming on Physical Fitness of Children with Mental Retardation" (2009). Kinesiology, Sport Studies and Physical Education Faculty Publications. 88.
Yilmaz, I., Ergun, N., Konukman, F., Agbuga, B., Zorba, E., & Cimen, Z. (2009). The Effects of Water Exercises and Swimming on Physical Fitness of Children with Mental Retardation. Journal of Human Kinetics, 21, 105-111. Retrieved from: http://www.johk.pl/