Date of Award

Fall 12-22-2020

Degree Name

MSEd in Physical Education

Department

Kinesiology, Sport Studies and Physical Education

First Advisor

Christine Hopple

Abstract

Historically, Physical Education (PE) teachers have utilized traditional teaching styles for PE instruction. There has been a growing emphasis over the past 20 years, however, for teachers to utilize a variety of teaching styles in PE in order to meet National and State standards along with goals and objectives of learning in the psychomotor, cognitive, and affective domains. This synthesis, then, reviewed literature regarding teachers’ perceptions and beliefs about, and intentions to utilize both reproduction (teacher-centered) and production (student-centered) teaching styles in PE. The three research questions used for this synthesis include: (a) what are teachers’ perceptions relative to the different teaching styles used in PE, (b) what are PE teachers’ beliefs about reproduction and production teaching styles and their relationship to the content being taught, (c) do intended curricular goals across the three domains of learning influence teachers’ choices of particular teaching styles for instruction? Data for this synthesis was collected using EBSCOHOST (found on The College at Brockport’s Drake Memorial Library online research website) and Google Scholar search engines. Key words in SPORTDiscus and the Google Scholar search engine were utilized to find 10 studies that focused on the synthesis’s purpose and research questions. An article grid was composed with data from each of the articles that made up the critical mass. Results influenced three key points that should be taken away from this synthesis: PE teachers prefer the utilization of reproduction styles over production styles; PE teachers’ beliefs about teaching styles impact which teaching styles they implement; and, PE teachers need to increase the usage of production teaching styles as a means to develop not only psychomotor goals in the PE curriculum, but cognitive and affective goals as well. Administrators and colleges can use this information to assist teachers in learning how to implement and utilize the different teaching styles.

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