Date of Award

Spring 5-20-2020

Degree Name

MSEd in Physical Education


Kinesiology, Sport Studies and Physical Education

First Advisor

Cathy Houston-Wilson


Sports officials often times hear verbal abuse that can cause them to second guess themselves because of the reactions they receive from spectators. If it is from fans, coaches or even players officials have a tremendous amount of pressure in order to get the call correct. This can lead to stress that could greatly impact the mental health of an official. The purpose of this synthesis was to review the literature on the impact of fan behavior on an official’s mental health.