Date of Award
MSEd in Physical Education
Kinesiology, Sport Studies and Physical Education
Sports officials often times hear verbal abuse that can cause them to second guess themselves because of the reactions they receive from spectators. If it is from fans, coaches or even players officials have a tremendous amount of pressure in order to get the call correct. This can lead to stress that could greatly impact the mental health of an official. The purpose of this synthesis was to review the literature on the impact of fan behavior on an official’s mental health.
O'Donnell, Mitchell, "The Effect of Fan Behavior on the Mental Health of A Sports Official" (2020). Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Synthesis Projects. 99.