According to the mainstream view in philosophy today, the world is a purely physical system, in which consciousness emerged as a product of increasing biological complexity, from non-conscious precursors composed of non-conscious components. The mainstream view is a beautiful, grand vision of the universe. However, it leaves no real place for consciousness. This paper explains why.
"The Emergence of Consciousness,"
Philosophic Exchange: Vol. 36
, Article 3.
Available at: https://digitalcommons.brockport.edu/phil_ex/vol36/iss1/3