My aim in this paper is to consider various forms of perceptual realism, including, for purposes of comparison, the largely abandoned indirect or representative realism. After surveying the variety of perceptual realisms and considering their various commitments, I introduce some considerations concerning the phenomenology of visual space that cause trouble for most forms of direct realism. These considerations pertain to the perception of objects in the distance and, secondarily, to the perception of shapes at a slant. I argue that one of the lesser known varieties of perceptual realism, critical direct realism, can meet the challenges offered by the facts of spatial perception.
"Philosophy of Perception and the Phenomenology of Visual Space,"
Philosophic Exchange: Vol. 42
, Article 3.
Available at: https://digitalcommons.brockport.edu/phil_ex/vol42/iss1/3