Mary A. Bauer

Date of Award


Degree Type


Degree Name

Master of Science in Education (MSEd)

First Advisor

Robert Ribble

Second Advisor

not legible

Third Advisor

Patricia E. Baker


In 1984 a pre-first program was initiated at Chestnut Ridge Elementary School

in the Churchville-Chili School District. Administrators and kindergarten and first

grade teachers were concerned with the number of retentions (approximately 2006)

of students at those levels as well as the number of children being labeled Learning

Disabled. In an attempt to lower these numbers, kindergarten teachers were asked

to identify students they felt would be at a high risk for retention or L.D. labelling by the end of first grade.

Kindergarten students who were recognized by their teachers as being weak in

areas such as attention span, language development, fine or gross motor control,

worki habits. emotional or social development, or auditory or visual skills were

recommended for placement in the pre-first program. From 1984 to 1993 a

sufficient number of students were recommended to justify the pre-first classroom